June 18, 2024


This publish was co-authored by Richard Tso, Director of Product Advertising, Azure AI

Open-source applied sciences have had a profound affect on the world of AI and machine studying, enabling builders, knowledge scientists, and organizations to collaborate, innovate, and construct higher AI options. As massive AI fashions like GPT-Three.5 and DALL-E turn into extra prevalent, organizations are additionally exploring methods to leverage current open-source fashions and instruments while not having to place an incredible quantity of effort into constructing them from scratch. Microsoft Azure AI is main this effort by working intently with GitHub and knowledge science communities, and offering organizations with entry to a wealthy set of open-source applied sciences for constructing and deploying cutting-edge AI options.

At Azure Open Supply Day, we highlighted Microsoft’s dedication to open supply and the right way to construct clever apps sooner and with extra flexibility utilizing the newest open-source applied sciences which might be out there in Azure AI.

Construct and operationalize open-source State-of-the-Artwork fashions in Azure Machine Studying

Latest developments in AI propelled the rise of enormous basis fashions which might be skilled on an unlimited amount of information and could be simply tailored to all kinds of functions throughout varied industries. This rising pattern gives a novel alternative for enterprises to construct and use basis fashions of their deep studying workloads.

At this time, we’re asserting the upcoming public preview of foundation fashions in Azure Machine Studying. It gives Azure Machine Studying with native capabilities that allow prospects to construct and operationalize open-source basis fashions at scale. With these new capabilities, organizations will get entry to curated environments and Azure AI Infrastructure with out having to manually handle and optimize dependencies. Azure Machine studying professionals can simply begin their knowledge science duties to fine-tune and deploy basis fashions from a number of open-source repositories, ranging from Hugging Face, utilizing Azure Machine Studying parts and pipelines. This service will give you a complete repository of common open-source fashions for a number of duties like pure language processing, imaginative and prescient, and multi-modality by means of the Azure Machine Studying inbuilt registry. Customers can’t solely use these pre-trained fashions for deployment and inferencing instantly, however they may even have the power to fine-tune supported machine studying duties utilizing their very own knowledge and import another fashions instantly from the open-source repository.

Hugging face

The following era of Azure Cognitive Companies for Imaginative and prescient

At this time, Azure Cognitive Companies for Imaginative and prescient launched its subsequent era of capabilities powered by the Florence massive foundational mannequin. This new Microsoft mannequin delivers vital enhancements to picture captioning and groundbreaking customization capabilities with few-shot studying. Till at the moment, mannequin customization required massive datasets with a whole lot of photos per label to realize manufacturing high quality for imaginative and prescient duties. However, Florence is skilled on billions of text-image pairs, permitting customized fashions to realize prime quality with only a few photos. This lowers the hurdle for creating fashions that may match difficult use circumstances the place coaching knowledge is proscribed.

Customers can attempt the brand new capabilities of Imaginative and prescient underpinned by the Florence mannequin by means of Imaginative and prescient Studio. This device demonstrates a full set of prebuilt imaginative and prescient duties, together with computerized captioning, sensible cropping, classifying photos and a summarizing video with pure language, and far more. Customers also can see how the device helps monitor actions, analyze environments, and supply real-time alerts.

The image is an example of Azure Cognitive Services Vision UI, using the Florence model for a video summarization task.

To study extra in regards to the new Florence mannequin in Azure Cognitive Companies for Imaginative and prescient, please take a look at this announcement weblog.

New Accountable AI Toolbox additions

Accountable AI is a important consideration for organizations constructing and deploying AI options. Final yr, Microsoft launched the Accountable AI Dashboard inside the Accountable AI Toolkit, a set of instruments for a personalized, accountable AI expertise with distinctive and complementary functionalities out there on GitHub and in Azure Machine Studying. We just lately introduced the addition of two new open-source instruments designed to make the adoption of accountable AI practices extra sensible.

The Accountable AI Mitigations Library permits practitioners to experiment with completely different mitigation methods extra simply, whereas the Accountable AI Tracker makes use of visualizations to show the effectiveness of various mitigations for extra knowledgeable decision-making. The brand new mitigations library bolsters mitigation by providing a method of managing failures that happen in knowledge preprocessing. The library enhances the toolbox’s Fairlearn equity evaluation device, which focuses on mitigations utilized throughout coaching time. The tracker permits practitioners to take a look at efficiency for subsets of information throughout iterations of a mannequin to assist them decide probably the most applicable mannequin for deployment. When used with different instruments within the Accountable AI Toolbox, they provide a extra environment friendly and efficient means to assist enhance the efficiency of methods throughout customers and circumstances. These instruments are made open supply on GitHub and built-in into Azure Machine Studying.

The image shows an example UI of the Responsible AI Tracker, visualizing the model performance across multiple iterations with red and green color.

Speed up large-scale AI with Azure AI infrastructure

Azure AI Infrastructure gives large scale-up and scale-out capabilities for probably the most superior AI workloads on this planet. It is a key issue as to why main AI firms, together with our companions at OpenAI proceed to decide on Azure to advance their AI innovation on Azure AI. Our outcomes for coaching OpenAI’s GPT-Three on Azure AI Infrastructure utilizing Azure NDm A100 v4 digital machines with NVIDIA’s open-source framework, NVIDIA NeMo Megatron, delivered a 530B-parameter benchmark on 175 digital machines, leading to a scalability issue of 95 p.c. When Azure AI infrastructure is used along with a managed end-to-end machine studying platform, similar to Azure Machine Studying, it gives the huge compute wanted to allow organizations to streamline administration and orchestration of enormous AI fashions and assist convey them into manufacturing.

The complete benchmarking report for GPT-Three fashions with the NVIDIA NeMo Megatron framework on Azure AI infrastructure is obtainable right here.

Optimized coaching framework to speed up PyTorch mannequin improvement

Azure is a most well-liked platform for broadly used open-source framework—PyTorch. At Microsoft Ignite, we launched Azure Container for PyTorch (ACPT) inside Azure Machine Studying, bringing collectively the newest PyTorch model with our greatest optimization software program for coaching and inferencing, similar to DeepSpeed and ONNX Runtime, all examined and optimized for Azure. All these parts are already put in in ACPT and validated to scale back setup prices and speed up coaching time for giant deep studying workloads. ACPT curated atmosphere permits our prospects to effectively prepare PyTorch fashions. The optimization libraries like ONNX Runtime and DeepSpeed composed inside the container can improve manufacturing pace up from 54 p.c to 163 p.c over common PyTorch workloads as seen on varied Hugging Face fashions.

The chart shows ACPT that combines ONNX Runtime and DeepSpeed can increase production speed up to 54 percent to 163 percent over regular PyTorch workloads.

The chart reveals ACPT that mixes ONNX Runtime and DeepSpeed can improve manufacturing pace as much as 54 p.c to 163 p.c over common PyTorch workloads.

This month, we’re bringing a brand new functionality to ACPT—Nebula. Nebula is a part in ACPT that may assist knowledge scientists to spice up checkpoint financial savings time sooner than current options for distributed large-scale mannequin coaching jobs with PyTorch. Nebula is absolutely suitable with completely different distributed PyTorch coaching methods, together with PyTorch Lightning, DeepSpeed, and extra. In saving medium-sized Hugging Face GPT2-XL checkpoints (20.6 GB), Nebula achieved a 96.9 p.c discount in single checkpointing time. The pace achieve of saving checkpoints can nonetheless improve with mannequin measurement and GPU numbers. Our outcomes present that, with Nebula, saving a checkpoint with a measurement of 97GB in a coaching job on 128 A100 Nvidia GPUs could be diminished from 20 minutes to 1 second. With the power to scale back checkpoint occasions from hours to seconds—a possible discount of 95 p.c to 99.9 p.c, Nebula gives an answer to frequent saving and discount of end-to-end coaching time in large-scale coaching jobs.The chart shows Nebula achieved a 96.9 percent reduction in single checkpointing time with GPT2-XL.

The chart reveals Nebula achieved a 96.9 p.c discount in single checkpointing time with GPT2-XL.

To study extra about Azure Container for PyTorch, please take a look at this announcement weblog.

MLflow 2.zero and Azure Machine Studying

MLflow is an open-source platform for the whole machine studying lifecycle, from experimentation to deployment. Being one of many MLflow contributors, Azure Machine Studying made its workspaces MLflow-compatible, which implies organizations can use Azure Machine Studying workspaces in the identical method that they use an MLflow monitoring server. MLflow has just lately launched its new model, MLflow 2.zero, which includes a refresh of the core platform APIs based mostly on intensive suggestions from MLflow customers and prospects, which simplifies the platform expertise for knowledge science and machine studying operations workflows. We’re excited to announce that MLflow 2.zero can also be supported in Azure Machine Studying workspaces.

Learn this weblog to study extra about what you are able to do with MLflow 2.zero in Azure Machine Studying.

Azure AI is empowering builders and organizations to construct cutting-edge AI options with its wealthy set of open-source applied sciences. From leveraging pre-trained fashions to customizing AI capabilities with new applied sciences like Hugging Face basis fashions, to integrating accountable AI practices with new open-source instruments, Azure AI is driving innovation and effectivity within the AI business. With Azure AI infrastructure, organizations can speed up their large-scale AI workloads and obtain even better outcomes. Learn this weblog and the on-demand session to take a deep dive into what open-source initiatives and options we’ve introduced at Azure Open Supply Day 2023.

We’d wish to conclude this weblog publish with some excellent buyer examples that show their success technique of mixing open-source applied sciences and constructing their very own AI options to rework companies.

What’s most necessary about these bulletins is the inventive and transformative methods our prospects are leveraging open-source applied sciences to construct their very own AI options.

These are only a few examples from our prospects.

Clients innovating with open-source on Azure AI

Elekta logo Elekta is an organization that gives know-how, software program, and companies for most cancers therapy suppliers and researchers. Elekta considers AI as important to increasing the use and availability of radiotherapy therapies. AI know-how helps speed up the general therapy planning course of and displays affected person motion in real-time throughout therapy. Elekta makes use of Azure cloud infrastructure for the storage and compute assets wanted for his or her AI-enabled options. Elekta depends closely on Azure Machine Studying, Azure Digital Machines, and the PyTorch open-source machine studying framework to create digital machines and optimize their neural networks. Learn full story
NBA logo The Nationwide Basketball Affiliation (NBA) is utilizing AI and open-source applied sciences to reinforce its fan expertise. The NBA and Microsoft have partnered to create a direct-to-consumer platform that gives extra personalised and interesting content material to followers. The NBA makes use of AI-driven knowledge evaluation system, NBA CourtOptix, which makes use of participant monitoring and spatial place data to derive insights into the video games. The system is powered by Microsoft Azure, together with Azure Knowledge Lake Storage, Azure Machine Studying, MLflow, and Delta Lake, amongst others. The objective is to show the huge quantities of information into actionable insights that followers can perceive and have interaction with. The NBA additionally hopes to strengthen its direct relationship with followers and improve engagement by means of elevated personalization of content material supply and advertising and marketing efforts. Learn full story
AXA logo AXA, a number one automotive insurance coverage firm in the UK wanted to streamline the administration of its on-line quotes to maintain up with the fast-paced digital market. With 30 million automotive insurance coverage quotes processed day by day, the corporate sought to discover a answer to hurry up deployment of latest pricing fashions. In 2020, the AXA knowledge science workforce found managed endpoints in Azure Machine Studying and adopted the know-how throughout non-public preview. The workforce examined ONNX open-source fashions deployed by means of managed endpoints and achieved an important discount in response time. The corporate intends to make use of Azure Machine Studying to ship worth, relevance, and personalization to prospects and set up a extra environment friendly and agile course of. Learn full story


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