May 21, 2024


Lately the patent trade has begun to make use of machine-learning (ML) algorithms so as to add effectivity and insights to enterprise practices. 

Any firm, patent workplace, or educational establishment that works with patents—producing them via innovation, processing functions about them, or creating subtle methods to investigate them—will profit from doing patent analytics and machine studying in Google Cloud. 

At present, we’re excited to launch a white paper that outlines a technique to coach a BERT (bidirectional encoder representation from transformers) mannequin on over 100 million patent publications from the U.S. and different nations utilizing open-source tooling. The paper describes how you can use the skilled mannequin for various use circumstances, together with how you can extra successfully carry out prior artwork looking to find out the novelty of a patent software, routinely generate classification codes to help with patent categorization, and autocomplete. The white paper is accompanied by a colab pocket book as effectively the skilled mannequin hosted in GitHub. 

Google’s launch of the BERT mannequin (paper, weblog put up, and open-source code) in 2018 was an vital breakthrough that leveraged transformers to outperform different main cutting-edge fashions throughout main NLP benchmarks, together with GLUE, MultiNLI, and SQuAD. Shortly after its launch, the BERT framework and plenty of extra transformer-based extensions gained widespread trade adoption throughout domains like search, chatbots, and translation.

We imagine that the patents area is ripe for the applying of algorithms like BERT because of the technical traits of patents in addition to their enterprise worth. Technically, the patent corpus is massive (thousands and thousands of latest patents are issued yearly world-wide), advanced (patent functions typically common ~10,000 phrases and are sometimes meticulously wordsmithed by inventors, attorneys, and patent examiners), distinctive (patents are written in a extremely specialised ‘legalese’ that may be unintelligible to a lay reader), and extremely context dependent (many phrases are used to imply utterly various things in numerous patents). 

Patents additionally characterize super enterprise worth to various organizations, with firms spending tens of billions of a yr creating patentable know-how and transacting the rights to make use of the ensuing know-how and patent places of work all over the world spending extra billions of a yr reviewing patent functions.

We hope that our new white paper and its related code and mannequin will assist the broader patent group in its software of ML, together with:

  • Company patent departments seeking to enhance their inside fashions and tooling with extra superior ML strategies.

  • Patent places of work focused on leveraging state-of-the-art ML approaches to help with patent examination and prior artwork looking.

  • ML and NLP researchers and teachers who may not have thought of utilizing the patents corpus to check and develop novel NLP algorithms.

  • Patent researchers and teachers who may not have thought of making use of the BERT algorithm or different transformer primarily based approaches to their research of patents and innovation.

To study extra, you’ll be able to obtain the complete white paper, colab pocket book, and skilled mannequin. Moreover, see Google Patents Public Datasets: Connecting Public, Paid, and Personal Patent Information, Increasing your patent set with ML and BigQuery, and Measuring patent declare breadth utilizing Google Patents Public Datasets for extra tutorials that can assist you get began with patent analytics in Google Cloud.


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