June 16, 2024


It is a visitor publish co-written by Siddharth Thacker and Swatishree Sahu from Aruba Networks.

Aruba Networks is a Silicon Valley firm based mostly in Santa Clara that was based in 2002 by Keerti Melkote and Pankaj Manglik. Aruba is the trade chief in wired, wi-fi, and community safety options. Hewlett-Packard acquired Aruba in 2015, making it a wi-fi networking subsidiary with a variety of next-generation community entry options.

Aruba Networks gives cloud-based platform known as Aruba Central for community administration and AI Ops. Aruba cloud platform helps hundreds of workloads to assist buyer going through manufacturing setting and in addition a separate growth platform for Aruba engineering.

The motivation to construct the answer introduced on this publish was to know the unit economics of the AWS assets utilized by a number of product traces throughout completely different group pillars. Aruba wished a quicker, efficient, and dependable method to analyze value and utilization information and visualize that right into a dashboard. This answer has helped Aruba in a number of methods, together with:

  • Visibility into prices – A number of Aruba groups can now analyze the price of their utility through information surfaced with this answer
  • Value optimization – The answer helps groups determine new cost-optimization alternatives by making them conscious of the higher-cost assets with low utilization to allow them to optimize accordingly
  • Value administration – The Cloud DevOps group, the group who constructed this answer, can successfully plan on the utility stage and have a direct optimistic impression on gross margins
  • Value financial savings – With every day value information out there, engineers can see the financial impression of right-sizing compute and different AWS assets nearly instantly
  • Massive image in addition to granular – Customers can visualize value information from the highest down and monitor value at a enterprise stage and a particular useful resource stage

Overview of the answer

This publish describes how Aruba Networks automated the answer, from producing the AWS Value & Utilization Report (AWS CUR) to its ultimate visualization on Amazon QuickSight. On this answer, they begin by configuring the CUR on their main payer account, which publishes the billing stories to an Amazon Easy Storage Service (Amazon S3) bucket. Then they use an AWS Glue crawler to outline and catalog the CUR information. As the brand new CUR information is delivered every day, the information catalog is up to date, and the information is loaded into an Amazon Redshift database utilizing Amazon Redshift Spectrum and SQL. The reporting and visualization layer is constructed utilizing QuickSight. Lastly, the complete pipeline is automated by utilizing AWS Knowledge Pipeline.

The next diagram illustrates this structure.

Aruba prefers the AWS CUR Report back to AWS Value Explorer as a result of AWS Value Explorer gives utilization info at a excessive stage, and never sufficient granularity for detailed operations, similar to information switch value. AWS CUR gives essentially the most detailed info out there about your AWS prices and utilization at an hourly granularity. This enables the Aruba workforce to drill down the prices by the hour or day, product or product useful resource, or customized tags, enabling them to attain their targets.

Aruba carried out the answer with the next steps:

  1. Arrange the CUR supply to a main S3 bucket from the billing dashboard.
  2. Use Amazon S3 replication to repeat the first payer S3 bucket to the analytics bucket. Having a separate analytics account helps stop direct entry to the first account.
  3. Create and schedule the crawler to crawl the CUR information. That is required to make the metadata out there within the Knowledge Catalog and replace it rapidly when new information arrives.
  4. Create respective Amazon Redshift schema and tables.
  5. Orchestrate an ETL circulation to load information to Amazon Redshift utilizing Knowledge Pipeline.
  6. Create and publish dashboards utilizing QuickSight for executives and stakeholders.

Insights generated

The Aruba DevOps workforce constructed numerous stories that present the price classifications on AWS companies, weekly value by purposes, value by product, infrastructure, useful resource kind, and far more utilizing the detailed CUR information as proven by the next screenshot.

For instance, utilizing the next screenshot, Aruba can conveniently work out that compute value is the largest contributor in comparison with different prices. To scale back the price, they’ll think about using numerous cost-optimization strategies like shopping for reserved situations, financial savings plans, or Spot Cases wherever relevant.

Equally, the next screenshot highlights the price doubled in comparison with the primary week of April. This helps Aruba to determine anomalies rapidly and make knowledgeable selections.

Establishing the CUR supply

For directions on organising a CUR, see Creating Value and Utilization Studies.

To scale back complexity within the workflow, Aruba selected to create assets in the identical area with hourly granularity, primarily to see metrics extra regularly.

To decrease the storage prices for information information and maximize the effectiveness of querying information with serverless applied sciences like Amazon Athena, Amazon Redshift Spectrum, and Amazon S3 information lake, save the CUR in Parquet format. The next screenshot reveals the configuration for supply choices.

The next desk reveals some instance CUR information.

bill_payer_account_id line_item_usage_account_id line_item_usage_start_date line_item_usage_end_date line_item_product_code line_item_usage_type line_item_operation
123456789 111222333444 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-EBS:VolumeP-IOPS.piops CreateVolume-P-IOPS
123456789 111222333444 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-APN1-AWS-In-Bytes LoadBalancing-PublicIP-In
123456789 111222333444 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-DataProcessing-Bytes LoadBalancing
123456789 111222333444 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-EBS:SnapshotUsage CreateSnapshot
123456789 555666777888 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-EBS:SnapshotUsage CreateSnapshot
123456789 555666777888 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-EBS:SnapshotUsage CreateSnapshot
123456789 555666777888 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-DataTransfer-Regional-Bytes InterZone-In
123456789 555666777888 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonS3 USW2-Requests-Tier2 ReadLocation
123456789 555666777888 00:00.zero 00:00.zero AmazonEC2 USW2-DataTransfer-Regional-Bytes InterZone-In

Replicating the CUR information to your analytics account

For safety functions, different groups aren’t allowed to entry the first (payer) account, and due to this fact can’t entry CUR information generated from that account. Aruba replicated the information to their analytics account and construct the price evaluation answer there. Different groups can entry the price information with out getting entry permission for the first account. The information is replicated throughout accounts by including an Amazon S3 replication rule within the bucket. For extra info, see Including a replication rule when the vacation spot bucket is in a distinct AWS account.

Cataloging the information with a crawler and scheduling it to run every day

As a result of AWS delivers all every day stories in a report date vary report-prefix/report-name/yyyymmdd-yyyymmdd folder, Aruba makes use of AWS Glue crawlers to crawl via the information and replace the catalog.

AWS Glue is a totally managed ETL service that makes it simple to organize and cargo the information for analytics. As soon as the AWS Glue is pointed to the information saved on AWS, it discovers the information and shops the related metadata (similar to desk definition and schema) within the Knowledge Catalog. After the information is cataloged, the information is straight away searchable, queryable, and out there for ETL. For extra info, see Populating the AWS Glue Knowledge Catalog.

The next screenshot reveals the crawler created on Amazon S3 location of the CUR information.

The next code is an instance desk definition populated by the crawler.:

  `identity_line_item_id` string, 
  `identity_time_interval` string, 
  `bill_invoice_id` string, 
  `resource_tags_user_infra_role` string)

  `12 months` string, 
  `month` string )

ROW FORMAT SERDE  'org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.parquet.serde.ParquetHiveSerDe'
STORED AS INPUTFORMAT   'org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.parquet.MapredParquetInputFormat' 
OUTPUTFORMAT   'org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.parquet.MapredParquetOutputFormat'

Remodeling and loading utilizing Amazon Redshift

Subsequent within the analytics service, Aruba selected Amazon Redshift over Athena. Aruba has a use case to combine value information along with different tables already current in Amazon Redshift and therefore utilizing the identical service makes it simple to combine with their current information. To additional filter and rework information on the identical time, and simplify the multi-step ETL, Aruba selected Amazon Redshift Spectrum. It helps to effectively question and cargo CUR information from Amazon S3. For extra info, see Getting began with Amazon Redshift Spectrum.

Use the next question to create an exterior schema and map it to the AWS Glue database created earlier within the Knowledge Catalog:

--Select a schema title of your alternative, cur_redshift_external_schema title is simply an example--
 create exterior schema cur_redshift_spectrum_external_schema from information catalog database 
 'aruba_curr_db' iam_role 'arn:aws:iam::xxxxxxxxxxxxx:position/redshiftclusterrole' 
 create exterior database if not exists;

The desk created within the Knowledge Catalog seems beneath the Amazon Redshift Spectrum schema. The schema, desk, and information created may be verified with the next SQL code:

SELECT DependSource link  
FROM   cur_redshift_spectrum_external_schema.<TABLE>; 

--Question the fitting partition, 12 months=2020 and month=2 is used an instance
SELECT DependSource link  
FROM   cur_redshift_spectrum_external_schema.<TABLE> 
WHERE  12 months=2020 
AND    month=2;

Subsequent, rework and cargo the information into the Amazon Redshift desk. Aruba began by creating an Amazon Redshift desk to comprise the information. The next SQL code can be utilized to create the manufacturing desk with the specified columns:

CREATE TABLE redshift_schema.redshift_table 
     usage_start_date TIMESTAMP, 
     usage_end_date   TIMESTAMP, 
     service_region   VARCHAR (256), 
     service_az       VARCHAR (256), 
     aws_resource_id  VARCHAR (256), 
     usage_amount     FLOAT (17), 
     charge_currency  VARCHAR (256), 
     aws_product_name VARCHAR (256), 
     instance_family  VARCHAR (256), 
     instance_type    VARCHAR (256), 
     unblended_cost   FLOAT (17), 
     usage_cost       FLOAT (17)

CUR is dynamic in nature, which signifies that some columns might seem or disappear with every replace. When creating the desk, we take static columns solely. For extra info, see Line merchandise particulars.

Subsequent, insert and replace to ingest the information from Amazon S3 to the Amazon Redshift desk. Every CUR replace is cumulative, which signifies that every model of the CUR contains all the road objects and data from the earlier model.

The stories generated all through the month are estimated and topic to vary throughout the remainder of the month. AWS finalizes the report on the finish of every month. Finalized stories have the calculations for the blended and unblended prices, and canopy all of the utilization for the month. For this use case, Aruba updates the final 45 days of information to verify the finalized value is captured. The beneath pattern question can be utilized to confirm the up to date information:

-- Create Desk Assertion
 INSERT INTO redshift_schema.redshift_table
             Usage_Cost ) 
 SELECT line_item_usage_start_date, 
       case when line_item_type="Utilization" then line_item_unblended_cost
            else zero
            finish as usage_cost 
 FROM   cur_redshift_external_schema.cur_parquet_parquet
 WHERE  line_item_usage_start_date >= date_add('day', -45, getdate()) 
       AND line_item_usage_start_date < date_add('day', 1, getdate()); 

Utilizing Knowledge Pipeline to orchestrate the ETL workflow

To automate this ETL workflow, Aruba selected Knowledge Pipeline. Knowledge Pipeline helps to reliably course of and transfer information between completely different AWS compute and storage companies, in addition to on-premises information sources. With Knowledge Pipeline, Aruba can frequently entry their information the place it’s saved, rework and course of it at scale, and effectively switch the outcomes to AWS companies similar to Amazon S3, Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS), Amazon DynamoDB, and Amazon EMR. Though the detailed steps of organising this pipeline are out of scope for this weblog, there’s a pattern workflow definition JSON file, which may be imported after making the mandatory modifications.

Knowledge Pipeline workflow

The next screenshot reveals the multi-step ETL workflow utilizing Knowledge Pipeline. Knowledge Pipeline is used to run the INSERT question every day, which inserts and updates the most recent CUR information into our Amazon Redshift desk from the exterior desk.

To be able to copy information to Amazon Redshift,  RedshiftDataNode and RedshiftCopyActivity can be utilized, after which scheduled to run periodically.

Sharing metrics and creating visuals with QuickSight

To share the price and utilization with different groups, Aruba select QuickSight utilizing Amazon Redshift as the information supply. QuickSight is a local AWS service that seamlessly integrates with different AWS companies similar to Amazon Redshift, Athena, Amazon S3, and plenty of different information sources.

As a totally managed service, QuickSight lets Aruba to simply create and publish interactive dashboards that embrace ML Insights. Along with constructing highly effective visualizations, QuickSight gives information preparation instruments that makes it simple to filter and rework the information into the precise wanted dataset. As a cloud-native service, dashboards may be accessed from any system and embedded into purposes and portals, permitting different groups to watch their useful resource utilization simply. For extra details about making a dataset, see Making a Dataset from a Database. Quicksight Visuals can then be created from this dataset.

The next screenshot reveals a visible comparability of system value and rely to assist discover the price per system. This visible helped Aruba rapidly determine the price per system enhance in April and take vital actions.

Equally, the next visualization helped Aruba determine a rise in information switch value and helped them determine to spend money on rearchitecting their utility.

The next visualization classifies the price spend per useful resource.


On this publish, we mentioned how Aruba Networks was capable of efficiently obtain the next:

  • Generate CUR and use AWS Glue to outline information, catalog the information, and replace the metadata
  • Use Amazon Redshift Spectrum to rework and cargo the information to Amazon Redshift tables
  • Question, visualize, and share the information saved utilizing QuickSight
  • Automate and orchestrate the complete answer utilizing Knowledge Pipeline

Aruba use this answer to robotically generate a every day value report and share it with their stakeholders, together with executives and cloud operations workforce.


In regards to the Authors

Siddharth Thacker works in Enterprise & Finance Technique in Cloud Software program division at Aruba Networks. Siddharth has Grasp’s in Finance with expertise in industries like banking, funding administration, cloud software program and focuses on enterprise analytics, margin enchancment and strategic partnerships at Aruba. In his spare time, he likes exploring outdoor and take part in workforce sports activities.

Swatishree Sahu is a Technical Knowledge Analyst at Aruba Networks. Having 7 years of expertise within the IT trade and a Grasp’s in Enterprise Analytics, she focuses on analyzing information, service integration and reporting at Aruba. She is a Star Wars geek, and in her free time, she loves gardening, portray, and touring.”

Ritesh Chaman is a Technical Account Supervisor at Amazon Net Companies. With 10 years of expertise within the IT trade, Ritesh has a robust background in Knowledge Analytics, Knowledge Administration, and Massive Knowledge programs. In his spare time, he loves cooking (spicy Indian meals), watching sci-fi films, and enjoying sports activities.




Kunal Ghosh is a Options Architect at AWS. His ardour is to construct environment friendly and efficient options on the cloud, particularly involving Analytics, AI, Knowledge Science, and Machine Studying. Apart from household time, he likes studying and watching films, and is a foodie.


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